Smoking, heavy drinking linked to earlier onset of pancreatic cancer
Those who smoke and drink heavily may develop pancreatic cancer at an earlier age than those who don’t, according to a study led by gastroenterologist Dr. Michelle Anderson of the University of Michigan Health System.
The average age at which pancreatic cancer is found is 72, according to the American Cancer Society.
Almost a Decade Sooner
In the study heavy smokers with pancreatic cancer were diagnosed around age 62 and heavy drinkers at age 61 – almost a decade earlier.
Smoking is a strong risk factor for pancreatic cancer and alcohol has been shown to cause oxidative damage to the pancreas, which sets the stage for the inflammatory pathways that can lead to cancer. The findings only indicate these habits can lead to developing pancreatic cancer earlier in life.
The study of 811 pancreatic cancer patients from the multicenter, international database Pancreatic Cancer Collaborative Registry does not prove the habits caused cancer.
The study does make a step toward understanding at what age screening for pancreatic cancer should begin – once widespread screening is available.
“As screening programs are developed, an understanding of how personal features influence the age of presentation will be important to optimize the timing of those screenings,” says lead study author and gastroenterologist Michelle Anderson, M.D., assistant professor of internal medicine at the University of Michigan Health System.
Early Detection Difficult
Detecting pancreatic cancer early is difficult and contributes to the poor survival rates. By the time pancreatic cancer is diagnosed, it is frequently at an advanced stage and has spread to other organs.
Currently there are no tests available to easily find it in people who do not have symptoms. In the study heavy smokers were defined as those who had more than a pack per day, and heavy drinking was measured at more than 39 grams a day, or about three average drinks per day.
Beer drinkers presented with pancreatic cancer earlier than those who drank other types of alcohol, such as wine or hard liquor although when adjusted for the amount of alcohol consumed, the type of alcohol did not affect the age of presentation.
On the Bright Side
The good news is that the harmful effects of heavy drinking and smoking can be reveresed. After 10 years, former smokers and drinkers who quit their habits faced no extra risk of earlier diagnosis.
The report was e-published ahead of print in The American Journal of Gastroenterology :
Anderson MA, Zolotarevsky E, Cooper KL, Sherman S, Shats O, Whitcomb DC, Lynch HT, Ghiorzo P, Rubinstein WS, Vogel KJ, Sasson AR, Grizzle WE, Ketcham MA, Lee SY, Normolle D, Plonka CM, Mertens AN, Tripon RC, Brand RE. Alcohol and Tobacco Lower the Age of Presentation in Sporadic Pancreatic Cancer in a Dose-Dependent Manner: A Multicenter Study. Am J Gastroenterol. 2012 Aug 28. doi:10.1038/ajg.2012.288
Click HERE for more on Pancreatic Cancer from The American Cancer Society